ERIC Number: ED313569
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Dec
High School Community Service: A Review of Research and Programs.
Conrad, Dan; Hedin, Diane
This paper is a status report on efforts to make community service a part of the educational experience of high school students. It reviews the current educational debate, describes policies and practices including specific programs, summarizes research findings on the impact of service, and suggests some critical issues that confront educational researchers, policymakers, and practitioners. Some highlights of the report are as follows: (1) as of the mid-1980s, more than one-fourth of high schools offered community service programs for their students; (2) the most common means of service is through co-curricular school clubs and special school events such as holiday food drives; (3) some high schools, especially Catholic and private schools, require service to meet graduation requirements; (4) arguments in favor of service in the curriculum have appeared in the literature since the turn of the century; (5) some proponents of the practice emphasize the character-building potential of service, its power to promote basic democratic values and to develop patterns of responsible behavior; (6) others stress the potential of service to vitalize education by stressing that it requires the application of academic learning; (7) there is general agreement that a heightened sense of personal and social responsibility, more positive attitudes toward adults and toward those served, enhanced self-esteem, growth in moral and ego development, and more complex patterns of thought result from service programs; and (8) research and the testimony of participants both support the idea that school-based community service merits further trial. The document includes 45 references and an appendix listing publications and resource organizations for developing service programs. (KC)
Descriptors: Citizen Participation, Community Programs, Community Services, High School Students, High Schools, Program Effectiveness, School Activities, School Community Relationship, Volunteers
Document Service, National Center on Effective Secondary Schools, Wisconsin Center for Educational Research, 1025 West Johnson Street, Madison, WI 53706 ($7.00).
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Researchers; Policymakers; Practitioners
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Center on Effective Secondary Schools, Madison, WI.