ERIC Number: ED313491
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Refugees at Our Border. The U.S. Response to Asylum Seekers. Issue Brief.
This report examines the background of and the newest developments in U.S. asylum policy in relation to Haitian, Central American, and Vietnamese refugees. The following background areas are explored: (1) the change in policy to stop the influx of asylum seekers; and (2) internal policy debate at the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) and the Justice Department. The following aspects of the new restrictive INS policy operations are explored: (1) the immediate impact, in December 1988, on south Texas; (2) the effects of the January 1989 Temporary Restraining Order in Miami (Florida); (3) the effects of lifting the Temporary Restraining Order and instituting a new procedure for detention and deportation of undocumented aliens in south Texas, in February 1989; and (4) the asylum adjudication process. The following aspects of the detention process are explored: (1) prisons versus shelters; (2) the isolation of the Webb County Detention Center outside Laredo (Texas); (3) the Correctional Corporation of America's contract facility in Laredo; and (4) Orantes-Hernandez v. Meese, a legal ruling preventing INS abuses of the asylum policy. The following topics concerning the interdiction and detention of Haitians are explored: (1) the circumvention of due process; and (2) the Krome Detention Center in Florida. The following problems with U.S. asylum policy are criticized: (1) the fallacy of treating asylum as an immigration problem; (2) the persecution of specific immigration populations; and (3) the civil strife that biased policies may cause. Three graphs are included. (JS)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Legal/Legislative/Regulatory Materials; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Council for Nationalities Service, Washington, DC. U.S. Committee for Refugees.