ERIC Number: ED313481
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Aug
American Youth: A Statistical Snapshot.
Wetzel, James R.
This document presents a statistics snapshot of young people, aged 15 to 24 years. It provides a broad overview of trends documenting the direction of changes in social behavior and economic circumstances. The projected decline in the total number of youth from 43 million in 1980 to 35 million in 1995 will affect marriage and childbearing patterns, higher education enrollments, armed forces recruiting, the nation's labor pool, and the demand for housing and consumer goods. However, the percentage of minority youth will increase and their comparative disadvantages will have even greater labor market significance. The following highlights are discussed: (1) most youth live at home longer, and one in six lives in a low income household; (2) college enrollment and completion rates have increased for females but are significantly lower for males and Blacks since the 1970s, and poor youth are more likely to drop out of school than are those from more affluent families: (3) the youth unemployment rate averaged about 11 percent in 1989 with Blacks and Hispanics experiencing the highest unemployment; (4) almost half of the youth marry at age 25 years old or older and the number of births to women under 25 is less than half the 1960 rate, but more than half of all births to teenagers are out-of-wedlock; (5) nearly 30 percent of the households maintained by youth have incomes below the poverty level; and (6) most youth enjoy good health and are likely to live longer than any earlier generation, but they engage in potentially health-damaging behaviors and comprise the segment of the population most likely to be involved with crime. Statistical data are included on 12 graphs and 19 tables. A list of the Grant Commission's publications on Youth and America's Future is appended. (FMW)
Descriptors: Delinquency, Demography, Disadvantaged Youth, Educational Trends, Employment Patterns, Employment Projections, Family Characteristics, Futures (of Society), High Risk Persons, Higher Education, Physical Health, Racial Differences, Statistical Data, Youth, Youth Problems
W. T. Grant Foundation Commission on Youth, 1001 Connecticut Avenue, N.W., Suite 301, Washington, DC 20036-5541 ($5.00).
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: William T. Grant Foundation, Washington, DC. Commission on Work, Family, and Citizenship.
Note: Enlarged and updated edition; supersedes ED 284 935.