ERIC Number: ED313277
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Aug-16
Extending the Equality Principle to Victims of Social Injustice.
Cook, Stuart W.
Research on justice has taken many directions. What people see as just and unjust, how they react to perceived injustice, and what principles of justice are preferred in different contexts are some of the questions that have been posed in the literature. Less time has been spent on the related questions of whether people change over time in these respects and, if they do, whether researchers can discover the nature of the experiences that bring such changes to pass. When considering social justice, the beliefs that participants have about one another's group attributes often modify what otherwise might be seen as fair or unfair. This study summarizes the findings of studies that examined the effects of personal association among members of dominant and subordinate groups on beliefs about discriminatory social policies. Two studies focused on the attitudes of white tenants who shared federally funded apartment buildings with blacks. Two laboratory experiments examined the attitudes of whites thrown together with blacks in a working situation in which they shared equal responsibility. It appears that the more one is identified with others in an ingroup sense, the more one is likely to behave toward others in ways consistent with the equality principle of distributive justice. Changing negative stereotypes toward subordinate groups could also have a positive effect in terms of modifying the justification of biased applications of justice. A 13-item bibliography is included. (JB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (96th, Atlanta, GA, August 12-16, 1988).