ERIC Number: ED313251
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1986-May
Reference Count: N/A
Math Related Language-Concepts: Effectiveness of Direct Instruction in Raising the Level of Mastery of Beginning First Graders in Rural Western Idaho.
Lambert, Carroll; Pearson, Thel
Every child who enters a school system brings a different level of language mastery with which to recognize and express a different background of experience. This study examined the development of mathematical understanding and tested the efficacy of direct teaching to the target concepts. Two very similar districts in rural Idaho were selected. Three intact classes in each district, chosen at random, were given the Boehm Test of Basic Concepts. From the result of the pretest, the least known concepts were selected as target concepts. The concepts were discussed at inservice sessions for the experimental teachers twice a week for 10 weeks. After each session each teacher developed plans and taught each concept. The percentage gains between pretest and posttest indicated that the experimental group did better that the control group on 7 out of 13 concepts. Four concepts for which the experimental group did not make marked gains are discussed. The three most important elements of the experiment were considered to be: (1) questioning about what the children already know; (2) raising the teacher's consciousness regarding the target concepts; and (3) providing materials and pooling teachers' ideas suggested by the materials. (YP)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Sponsor: Boise State Univ., ID.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Idaho