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ERIC Number: ED313090
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989
Pages: 37
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Application of Performance Appraisal Systems to Evaluation of College Composition.
Boss, Roberta S.
Drawing from a review of the literature and a comparative study of evaluation techniques, this paper offers a rationale for the use of performance appraisal as a method of evaluating student writing. The literature review covers: (1) various roles played by composition teachers, including the students' audience of one, writing coach, and Socratic tutor; (2) the art of rhetoric and the science of linguistics; (3) criteria and scales for evaluating student writing holistically, including Diederich's scales of general merit and mechanical skills and Lloyd-Jones's primary trait scoring method; (4) the importance of communicating expectations and evaluation criteria to students and providing feedback on how well their compositions meet these standards; (5) the distinction between grading and evaluating; and (6) the limitations of revision checklists. The next section of the paper explains and offers support for the use of performance appraisals, like those used in industry, to make students aware of the factors that are priorities for an assignment before they turn in their papers. The final section reports on a study comparing the effects on student writing of direct teacher instruction and collaborative learning in peer groups as means of providing feedback. Appendixes include 76 references, a chart on the development of rating scales, a sample assignment and revision/grading sheet for the assignment, and two additional assignments with a list of grading points for each. (JMC)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A