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ERIC Number: ED312658
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Apr
Pages: 24
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Influence of Text Characteristics on Elementary Students' Use of Criteria To Evaluate Writing.
Busching, Beverly A.; And Others
To understand more fully how students' usable knowledge about writing is activated by texts, a study examined how the manipulation of specific text characteristics in the constructed texts influences the verbalization of evaluative criteria. Twenty-seven fifth grade students from a predominantly rural middle school in the southeastern United States were asked to rank and justify their ranking of four researcher-constructed stories in individual interviews. Five features desirable in written compositions (information, precise language, style, clarity, and story structure) had been incorporated into the stories to differentiate them on the dimension of Craft. Students were able to discriminate High Craft from Low Craft stories, with no significant differences by sex or race. Student justifications for rankings went beyond global text preferences. The justifications were sensitive to text features: the High Craft stories elicited more craft-based comments than Low Craft stories, and each story elicited a different pattern of specific text features. Additionally, differences were evident between high and low achievers concerning the complex nature of the relationship between text characteristics and student response. (Four tables of data are included; 35 references and four appendixes containing the constructed stories, student comments about each story, and categories of student evaluative responses are attached.) (KEH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A