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ERIC Number: ED312641
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Aug
Pages: 27
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
A Narrative Theory Approach to Understanding News and Journalistic Form.
Schulman, Norma
More than 100 decontextualized, formalistic paradigms of the narrative process are in existence, but little work has been done to apply the insights narrative theory yields to news and journalistic form. Given the journalistic assumption that facts can be presented neutrally, news professionals tend to maintain that narratives do not exist outside of "soft" feature writing. Journalistic narrative is an attempt to bring into line an essentially phenomenological diversity of meaningful perceptions. News narratives can be seen to operate through a system of intertextual displacements, sometimes through omission or default. Deconstruction as well as reader-response theory can help tease out the tensions and contradictions ideological narratives work to suppress. They can do this by citing the multiple meanings simultaneously operative in language and by demonstrating empirically the range of responses that result at the receiving end of the reading process. Reader-response theory maintains news conventions are not invincible, but interact with the perceptual orientations of readers who may quite radically reconceptualize them in their own individual images. In the era of the professional communicator, narrative theory forces the acknowledgement that a structuring hand and a shaping sensibility lurk beneath the surface of what may seem to be merely a transparent account of the facts of the day. (Fifty-three references are attached.) (MG)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A