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ERIC Number: ED312622
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Literacy and Critical Thinking: The NAEP Literacy Studies and What We Are Not Teaching about 'Higher Reasoning Skills.'
Walton, Craig
Noting that the public's discussion, and most of what has appeared in educationist publications for teachers' discussion, is silent about the practicality of what reasoning is and how to teach it, this paper presents several examples taken from the National Assessment of Educational Progress' (NAEP) "Literacy: Profiles of America's Young Adults" to illustrate the depth of the literacy problem and makes recommendations as to which reasoning abilities are needed for functional literacy. The paper presents four higher reasoning skills and one classroom activity for each: (1) synthesis or summary; (2) analysis or problem solving; (3) argumentation; and (4) experimentation. The paper concludes that it is beginning to become apparent that the nationwide tests which reveal students' inabilities to invoke higher reasoning skills rest upon educators' not knowing what those higher skills are and how to put them into the classroom. (RS)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: National Assessment of Educational Progress