ERIC Number: ED312611
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Schema Activation, Construction, and Application. ERIC Digest.
Alvarez, Marino C.; Risko, Victoria J.
Schema theorists have advanced the understanding of reading comprehension by describing how prior knowledge can enhance a reader's interaction with the text. Accordingly, comprehension occurs when a reader is able to use prior knowledge and experience to interpret a text's message. Educators and researchers have suggested numerous instructional strategies to help students activate and use prior knowledge to aid comprehension. In order for schema construction to occur, a framework must be provided that helps readers elaborate upon new facts and ideas to clarify their significance or relevance. (RS)
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education, Prior Learning, Reader Text Relationship, Reading Comprehension, Reading Research, Reading Strategies, Schemata (Cognition)
ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Indiana University, Smith Research Center, 2805 E. 10th St., Suite 150, Bloomington, IN 47405 (no cost for a single copy; $2.00 postage and handling for up to 10 no-cost items).
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Bloomington, IN.