ERIC Number: ED312594
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Aug-14
Reference Count: N/A
Enhancing the Effectiveness of Career Counseling Interventions.
Oliver, Laurel W.; Spokane, Arnold R.
An attempt to integrate the career counseling outcome literature (Spokane & Oliver, 1983) indicated that career counseling was definitely beneficial overall. Subsequent updating and additional analyses of the literature confirmed the usefulness of career counseling and led to further findings. Intensity of treatment ("time on task") was found to be a very important variable. Although individual career counseling was considered more effective per unit of time from the perspective of the individual client, group approaches were found to be generally more economical. A lack of standardized measures for many outcomes of interest was revealed, and a particular need for behavioral measures and cost-benefit and cost-effectiveness measures was found. Practitioners are encouraged to assess the outcomes of their career counseling and to follow up clients who appear to have terminated prematurely. This paper reviews the results of this research integration effort and notes some implications of the findings for enhancing career counseling interventions in the areas of diagnosis, treatment, outcome assessment, and follow-up. (Author/NB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Guides - Non-Classroom; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Counselors; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (96th, Atlanta, GA, August 12-16, 1988).