ERIC Number: ED312588
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Childhood Antecedents of Achievement in Professional Women.
Coats, Patricia Boyne; Overman, Steve
While the trend for increasing numbers of women to enter the labor market is clear and career opportunities for women have expanded, women continue to be employed in occupations that are traditionally female and low-paying. This study examined childhood preferred play materials, structured and free play activities, and leisure time activities of women presently in traditional and nontraditional professions to investigate the antecedents of women's choices of careers in traditional versus nontraditional professions, with special focus on business as a profession. Independent variables antecedent to professional career choices focused on childhood socialization experiences through age 12 and included demographic variables relating to the subjects' childhood environment, family structure, parent characteristics, parental encouragement, and play. Subjects were 110 adult women from Mississippi, of whom 47 were in traditional professions, 25 were in moderately nontraditional professions, 15 were in highly nontraditional professions, and 23 were in business professions. Chi square and t-tests revealed significant differences among subgroups on several independent variables. Professional business women had participated more in competitive sports as children and (along with women in other nontraditional professions) reported more male playmates and fewer female playmates than did women in traditional professions. Women in nontraditional professions received different forms of parental encouragement than did women in traditional professions. (NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Mid-South Educational Research Association (Little Rock, AR, November 8-10, 1989).