NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED312578
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Nov
Pages: 9
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Is Restraint a Model of Binge Eating and Obesity?
Lowe, Michael R.; And Others
Restraint theory assumes that restrained eating is functionally equivalent to dieting and that "restraint" accounts for the eating behavior of overweight individuals. This study evaluated both of these assumptions. In the first part of the study, normal weight women were divided into groups of unrestrained nondieters, restrained nondieters, and restrained dieters. Subjects' food consumption in a standard forced paradigm (Herman and Mack, 1975) was tested. A significant Restraint/Dieting x Preload interaction was found. While restrained dieters ate much more in the no preload than in the preload condition, both nondieting groups showed the opposite tendency. In the second part of the study, the hypothesis that dieting accounts for the eating behavior of overweight individuals was tested. The normal weight subjects described above were reclassified as dieters or nondieters (ignoring restraint level) and groups of dieting and nondieting overweight individuals were run through the preload manipulation (creating a Dieting x Preload x Weight factorial). A three-way interaction was found, indicating that dieting had different effects on eating regulation in normal weight and overweight subjects. Among normal weight subjects, nonpreloaded dieters overate; among overweight subjects, nonpreloaded nondieters overate. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A