ERIC Number: ED312559
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Nov-14
Reference Count: 0
Community-Based Outreach for AIDS Education in New Haven, Connecticut.
Kurth, Ann; Champoux, R.
This pilot project attempted to understand and influence knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) of individuals in order to decrease transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in a black community. This predominantly low-income minority population had a high incidence of intravenous drug abuse (IVDA) and teenage pregnancies. The spread of HIV from IVDAs to their sexual partners is a known mechanism for viral access to the larger, heterosexual, non-IVDA population. In order to understand the population to plan an educational intervention, the community's beliefs concerning the transmission and prevention of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) were assessed. By using a population proportionate sampling technique, responses were obtained by high and low income subjects, teenagers, adults, and older people. Subjects (N=301) responded to questionnaires. The main findings of the report were: (1) nearly one in three black residents worried about AIDS all the time or several times a day while only one in 25 whites did; (2) two out of three people thought one could get AIDS from receiving blood and 43 percent thought one could get AIDS from donating blood; (3) 15 percent thought it was possible to catch AIDS by shaking hands; (4) 22 percent thought sharing needles with friends was not a risky behavior; (5) 28 percent did not think abstinence lowered risk; (6) 36 percent never use condoms; and (7) one of three would not refuse sex without a condom. The educational intervention will be designed based on survey results. The Dixwell AIDS questionnaire is appended. (ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Public Health Association (116th, Boston, MA, November 13-17, 1988).