NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED312548
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Apr
Pages: 34
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Nursing Postvention for Suicide Survivors.
Constantino, Rose Eva Bana
Survivors of suicide are invaded by an unhealthy complex of disturbing emotions resulting in depression, psychological distress, grief, social isolation, and even suicide. This study examined the bereavement patterns of widows whose husbands had died from various causes including cancer, heart disease, and suicide. Subjects (N=117) were randomly assigned to a Bereavement Crisis Intervention Group, Social Adjustment Group or Control Group. The results indicated that feelings of loneliness, depression, and guilt were common in all subjects, but two of the three suicide survivors wished for, as well as developed a fear of, death. The overwhelming feeling expressed by widows was loneliness which became intolerable at nighttime. In the area of socialization widows' reactions revolved around the family, children, friends, co-workers, and neighbors. The need for intimacy became unfulfilled. They also reported their children suddenly became indifferent to them and considered them useless. Material and economic issues also confronted the widows. The symptoms suffered by the three suicide survivors were more serious and overwhelming compared with non-suicide survivor widows. Widows of suicide victims may have special psychosocial needs best served in a homogeneous group in which all group members are suicide survivors. A second study is proposed which would evaluate the efficacy of therapeutic activity that would alleviate depression, psychological distress, grief, and social isolation in suicide survivors. (ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A