ERIC Number: ED312527
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Nov-10
Reference Count: N/A
International Student Depression during Cultural Adjustment: Two Counseling Approaches and Strategies.
Smith, Pheny Zhou
The growing number of international students and exchange scholars enrolled in American colleges and universities each year has called attention to the need to provide special mental health services to help international students adjust to the host culture and solve various mental health problems. According to Alderian therapy, people are basically social beings and all their behaviors are purposeful and goal-oriented. When international students come to the United States, almost all will experience the feelings of loneliness and homesickness. Working with clients with culturally induced depression, the counselor's encouragement is very important. Group work is highly recommended in the Alderian approach. Students are active participants in such group discussion. Using behavior counseling, the goal for the international student is to adapt to the host culture without adopting it and abandoning the home culture since they are planning to return to their home culture. Although the outcomes of counseling will vary among individuals, the general outcomes of counseling should be an increase in interaction with the host society and a decrease in anxiety and depression caused by cultural differences. When actually working with students, counseling strategies should be carefully chosen according to the needs and specific situation of that individual. (ABL)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Mid-South Educational Research Association (Little Rock, AR, November 8-10, 1989).