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ERIC Number: ED312517
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Aug
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The DSM-III Classification of Child and Adolescent Depression.
Griffin, James A.; Cicchetti, Dante
Over the last decade, notable advances have been made in the classification of child and adolescent psychopathology. The use of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-III (DSM-III) diagnostic categories for depression with children and adolescents was investigated using archival classification data spanning an 8-year time period. Records were located for inpatients (N=260) and outpatients (N=128) ranging in age from 5 to 18 years who received one of five DSM-III diagnoses for depression. The overall sex ratio for the sample was approximately equal. However, sex differences were identified within specific DSM-III diagnostic categories. Children and preadolescents rarely received a diagnosis of depression, whereas Major Depressive and Comorbid disorders were diagnosed at a higher rate after puberty and required inpatient care. The overuse of the Adjustment Disorder with Depressed Mood diagnostic category in this sample suggests that modified adult diagnostic criteria are not adequate for the classification of depression in childhood and adolescence. Developmentally appropriate and empirically sound diagnostic criteria are needed to determine the etiology and sequelae of these disorders. (Author/ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A