ERIC Number: ED312457
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989
Reference Count: N/A
Supporting and Facilitating Self-Directed Learning. ERIC Digest No. 93.
Lowry, Cheryl Meredith
Self-directed learning has been a high-interest topic within the field of adult education for the last decade. The following are among suggestions writers have made about how adult educators can best facilitate self-directed learning: (1) encourage learners to appreciate that they can act on their world individually or collectively to transform it; (2) negotiate a learning contract for goals, strategies, and evaluation criteria with learners; (3) be a manager of the learning experience rather than an information provider; (4) provide examples of previously acceptable work; (5) teach inquiry skills, decision making, personal development, and self-evaluation of work; (6) help learners locate resources; (7) help learners develop feelings of independence relative to learning; (8) use techniques such as field experience and problem solving that take advantage of adults' rich experience base; (9) develop high-quality learning guides; (10) encourage critical thinking skills by incorporating such activities as seminars; and (11) create an atmosphere of openness and trust to promote better performance. The following are among suggestions for institutions and employers: (1) meet regularly with panels of experts who can suggest curricula and evaluation criteria; (2) obtain the necessary tools to assess learners' current performance and to evaluate their expected performance; (3) recognize and reward learners when they have met their learning objectives; and (4) promote learning networks. (The document includes 13 references.) (CML)
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Adult, Career, and Vocational Education, Columbus, OH.