ERIC Number: ED312422
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-May
Reference Count: N/A
The Educational Worth of Zimbabwean Stone Sculpture.
A study analyzed the worth of one traditional craft, Zimbabwean stone sculpture, in terms of its educational and employment values. The study was prompted by general attitudes that tend to equate "good" education with education that is modeled on Western industrial technology, whereas traditional education, which includes crafts practiced by African communities, is regarded as backward and educationally worthless. Data were collected from practicing sculptors and sculpture marketing organizations in Zimbabwe, through questionnaires, interviews with 12 sculptors, observations, and documents. Findings showed that stone sculpture contains good educational values in terms of knowledge, skills, and attitudes. These findings were determined by using Bloom's hierarchical structure of educational objectives, involving the cognitive, psychomotor, and affective domains. The employment values of the craft were found to be limited and questionable. An analysis of the availability of sculpting stones in the country, of marketing trends for sculpture, and of the costs for setting up and running workshops showed that the craft has doubtful employment opportunities. The limited employment values of the craft do not merit its inclusion in school curricula as a separate subject, but its worthwhile educational values certainly warrant it being included as a part of an existing subject. (Document includes 50 references and questionnaire and interview forms.) (Author/KC)
Descriptors: Art Products, Craft Workers, Creative Activities, Developing Nations, Educational Attitudes, Employment Opportunities, Foreign Countries, Handicrafts, Program Attitudes, Relevance (Education), School Shops, Sculpture, Secondary Education, Technical Education, Vocational Education, Work Attitudes
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Masters Theses; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Swedish International Development Authority (SIDA).
Authoring Institution: Linkoping Univ. (Sweden). Dept. of Education and Psychology.
Identifiers - Location: Zimbabwe