ERIC Number: ED312393
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1986-Jul-25
Reference Count: N/A
Evaluation Study of the Senior Community Service Employment Program Funded under Title V of the Older Americans Act.
Westat, Inc., Rockville, MD.; Centaur Associates, Inc., Washington, DC.
The Senior Community Service Employment Program (SCSEP) is a part-time program targeted toward the needs of economically disadvantaged persons aged 55 and older. An evaluation was made of the program, using quarterly reports, program records, and telephone surveys. The evaluation assessed the relationship between participant outcomes and factors such as enrollee characteristics; the ability of the program to reach disadvantaged workers and minorities; the type and duration of program participation and costs; the satisfaction of enrollees with their jobs and of agencies with the program; the effect of rural-urban differences and state-national sponsorship; the potential of the program to transfer enrollees to unsubsidized jobs; and coordination between SCSEP and other programs. Some of the major findings of the study were as follows: (1) SCSEP participants were more disadvantaged than the eligible population; (2) most participants were in clerical or service jobs during the program; (3) the median length of stay was 11 months, with 40 percent staying in the programs 18 months or longer; (4) little formal training was provided or sought by the participants; (5) about one-fourth of the participants were placed after 1 year; (6) upward occupational mobility did not occur for participants who were placed; (7) most placements were in subsidized jobs; (8) older enrollees were harder to place; (9) programs operated by national sponsors tended to have higher placement rates; and (10) the major benefit of the program to participants was in-program employment. (Appendices list national sponsors and provide results of statistical analyses.) (KC)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Employment and Training Administration (DOL), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Westat, Inc., Rockville, MD.; Centaur Associates, Inc., Washington, DC.