ERIC Number: ED312363
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Learning in Limbo: The Educational Deprivation of Homeless Children.
Rafferty, Yvonne; Rollins, Norma
This document presents a report on the educational needs of homeless children in New York City. Data were analyzed from the following sources: (1) review of the current literature on the impact of homelessness on the physical and emotional well-being of children; (2) field-based interviews with 277 families in New York's shelters and hotels; and (3) an analysis of statistical data collected and maintained by the New York City Board of Education on 9,659 children in temporary housing. The following effects of homelessness were identified: (1) hunger and poor nutrition; (2) health problems and inadequate health care; (3) developmental delays; (4) psychological problems; and (5) denial of access to educational services. The following characteristics of the homeless were identified: (1) the average length of homelessness was 16 months; (2) the majority listed New York as their last permanent address; (3) most did not have a pattern of frequent moves prior to homelessness; and (4) many had lived with family or friends prior to requesting emergency shelter. The following effects of homelessness on education were identified: (1) placements in facilities are made without regard to community ties which results in a school transfer; (2) families are moved among facilities resulting in multiple school transfers; (3) many parents are not informed of their choices regarding educational placement; and (4) multiple moves increase school attendance problems, cause academic performance to suffer, and disrupt continuity of services. Recommendations for improvement are made in the following broad areas: (1) housing; (2) education for homeless children; and (3) education for relocated students. Statistical data are included on 17 tables. A list of 85 references and a 141-item bibliography are appended. (FMW)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Edna McConnell Clark Foundation, New York, NY.; Robert Sterling Clark Foundation, Inc., New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Advocates for Children of New York, Inc., Long Island City.
Identifiers - Location: New York (New York)