ERIC Number: ED312356
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1986-Aug-15
Reference Count: N/A
Minorities in Sports. The Effect of Varsity Sports Participation on the Social, Educational, and Career Mobility of Minority Students, with Policy Recommendations from the Center for the Study of Sport in Society.
This document describes a longitudinal study of the role of sports in the lives of minority youth during the 1980s. Data were analyzed from the High School and Beyond study and all findings were proven to be statistically significant after multiple regression analyses. The term "athletes" refers to those individuals who reported participating on varsity athletic teams both in their sophomore year (1980) and in their senior year (1982); "nonathletes" refers to individuals who either participated only in the sophomore year or not at all. The following findings are discussed: (1) minority athletes are more active in the affairs of their schools and communities than nonathletes; (2) Black and Hispanic athletes scored higher on standardized tests than nonathletes; (3) athletic participation was significantly related to lower dropout rates for Black males and Hispanic females in rural schools and for Whites in suburban school, but demonstrated no "holding power" in urban schools; (4) the upward mobility of minority athletes after high school is limited compared to that of Whites, with the exception of Hispanic female athletes; (5) females benefit from sports much the same as males; and (6) high school athletes stay involved with sports as young adults. Recommendations for educational policy are included. The appendices provide statistical data on 14 graphs, a discussion of the research methodology, and a list of the members of the policy advisory board. (FMW)
Descriptors: Athletes, Athletics, Black Students, Ethnic Groups, Extracurricular Activities, High Schools, Hispanic American Students, Hispanic Americans, Longitudinal Studies, Minority Group Children, Outcomes of Education, Racial Differences, Rural Schools, School Holding Power, Sex Differences, Student Characteristics, Suburban Schools, Urban Schools
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Women's Sports Foundation.; Northeastern Univ., Boston, MA. Boston Center for the Study of Sports in Society.