ERIC Number: ED312331
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1987-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
Schooling and Urban Employment Growth: 1980-1984. Working Paper #1.
Schaeffer, Peter V.; Sander, William
This study is an empirical analysis of urban employment changes in the United States between 1980 and 1984. The paper follows other recent work on the economics of urban and regional employment growth. Particular attention is paid to the effects on employment of schooling attainment and per pupil schooling expenditures. In addition, the effect of relatively high concentrations of black employees is studied. The paper is divided into four sections. The first section presents a brief theoretical framework. The second section discusses the empirical models and data. The third section reviews empirical results of the study. The fourth section presents some brief observations on employment growth in semi-urban counties. Results indicate that jobs are generated disproportionately in urban areas that have a higher quality human infrastructure as reflected by educational attainment and per pupil expenditures. A relative increase in the black population is shown to have a negative effect on employment. The study also indicates that the South appears to be gaining jobs relative to the rest of the United States. Results suggest that schooling may not contribute significantly to growth in rural areas. The study includes 12 formulae and statistical data on three tables. A list of eight references is appended. (AF)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Illinois Univ., Urbana. Inst. of Government and Public Affairs.