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ERIC Number: ED312269
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Mar-27
Pages: 23
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Fantasy Play, Language and Cognitive Ability of Four-Year-Old Children in Guyana South America.
Taharally, L. C.
A controlled study involving 60 randomly selected 4- to 5-year-old children from Guyana (South America) assessed whether providing the opportunity for fantasy play to children in nursery schools that do not provide such opportunity would have an effect on the children's level of symbolic, language, and cognitive ability. Subjects included 20 children each from urban, rural, and mining areas, with equal numbers of boys and girls from each area. At the time of the study, the children were all completing the first year of a 2-year nursery education program. Over a 30-day period, children in the experimental groups played for 25 minutes each day with toys believed to stimulate imaginative play, while children in the control group engaged in coloring or cut-and-paste activities. Research assistants observed, tape-recorded, and coded the behaviors of all subjects in the play situation on the first 2 days and last 2 days of the intervention period. Play was measured by a Symbolism Rating Scale; language was measured by comparing the average mean length of utterances; and cognitive ability was assessed using a story retell task and a story interpretation task. An analysis of variance was conducted to analyze differences among scores by group, region, and sex, and to measure gain scores of subjects from pre-tests to post-tests. Results indicate that the opportunity for fantasy play can have a positive impact on the level of symbolic play and language. Two data tables are provided. (Author/TJH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Guyana