ERIC Number: ED312213
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
The Voyages of Columbus: A Turning Point in World History.
Crosby, Alfred W.; Nader, Helen
The far-reaching and transforming interactions of the Old World and the New are known today as "the Columbian Exchange." Part 1 of this booklet is an introduction by John J. Patrick dealing with teaching about the voyages of Christopher Columbus. Part 2, "Columbus and Ecological Imperialism," by Alfred W. Crosby, provides an ecological perspective on the conditions and consequences of the Columbian exchange. It discusses how plants, pathogens, and animals moved from one hemisphere to the other and changed natural environments and cultures. The devastating effects of Old World microbes on New World peoples and the subsequent shifts in the genetic composition of populations in the Americas are described. Part 3, "Christopher Columbus: The Hero and the Historian," by Helen Nader points out that one key to understanding the Columbian voyages and their consequences is accurate information about Columbus and his deeds. This requires reliable documents, but in the past, the editions and translations of the pertinent documents have not been trustworthy. Nader uses her own translation of the "Book of Royal Privileges" to provide a reinterpretation of the history of Columbus and his accomplishments. Two abbreviated versions of these primary sources are presented in the appendix along with a chronology of events in the life of Columbus, the family tree of Columbus, and a map of the first voyage of Columbus. The document concludes with a 29-item bibliography. (JB)
Descriptors: Adjustment (to Environment), American Indians, Animals, Biographies, Chronicles, Diseases, Ecological Factors, Ecology, Economic Change, Elementary Secondary Education, Environment, Environmental Influences, North American History, Primary Sources, Resource Materials, Social Change, Social History, Western Civilization, World History
Publications Manager, Social Studies Development Center, Indiana University, 2805 East Tenth St., Bloomington, IN 47405 ($6.00, plus $1.00 postage and handling).
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Indiana Univ., Bloomington. Social Studies Development Center.; ERIC Clearinghouse for Social Studies/Social Science Education, Bloomington, IN.; Indiana Humanities Council, Indianapolis.