ERIC Number: ED312199
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988
Reference Count: N/A
Socialization and Participation in the Arts. Research Division Report #21.
Orend, Richard J.
While the capacity to recognize and appreciate beauty may be inborn in all of us, participation in the arts as an audience or artist usually involves a learning process. What is the relationship between childhood and early adult experiences with the arts and later participation? In 1982, with funding from the National Endowment for the Arts, the Census Bureau conducted a "Survey of Public Participation in the Arts" (SPPA) to gather preliminary information. The SPPA data permits analysis of three basic subjects: the patterns of socialization in the arts, the relationship of those patterns to adult participation in arts-related activities, and the relationship of socialization patterns to increased participation. The SPPA asked 11 questions about arts-related experiences occurring prior to age 24, covering the areas of arts lessons, appreciation classes, and attendance at arts-related events. About 70 percent of all respondents had some kind of socialization experience. Patterns of adult participation are measured through audience participation, media-related participation, and direct participation. The data reveal a general downward trend with increasing age with some exceptions in intermediate age groups. The SPPA data draw these conclusions: (1) early socialization in the arts is reflected in higher rates of adult participation; (2) socialization between the ages of 18 and 24 is an especially important predictor; (3) audience participation predictors do not work as well as artist or performer predictors; and (4) lessons and appreciation classes are more closely related to high levels of adult participation than audience-socialization activities. Twelve tables and five figures showing SPPA data are included. (PPB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Researchers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: National Endowment for the Arts, Washington, DC. Research Div.
Note: For related documents, see ED 283 768, ED 264 168, ED 230 450, ED 206 521-523, and ED 221 435.