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ERIC Number: ED312065
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Jul
Pages: 9
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Content and Methods of Early Childhood Education and Care Programmes in Hong Kong.
Opper, Sylvia
The content and methods of nurseries and kindergartens in Hong Kong were compared in this paper. Particular attention was given to: (1) the kinds of activities provided for children; (2) the use of grouping, textbooks, tests and examinations; (3) the allocation of homework; and (4) the role of the teacher. Data were gathered by means of interviews of principals of 69 preschools, 59 kindergartens, and 10 nurseries. Findings indicated that the program of Hong Kong preschools included both developmentally appropriate and inappropriate practices. Appropriate practices included the provision of a variety of activities for all areas of children's development. Children worked in small groups at least part of the time. These groups were in some cases determined by characteristics of the child, such as age and skill level. The number of textbooks tended to increase with age. Developmentally inappropriate practices included early introduction of the three R's and assignment of homework as early as 3 years. Tests were extensively used. Student choices were restricted in such areas as seating and materials. Small groups, when formed, were often determined randomly, rather than by consideration of the child's interests, needs, and motivations. Of the two program types, nurseries appeared to offer a more developmentally paced curriculum up to the student's fifth year, when program differences disappeared. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Hong Kong