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ERIC Number: ED312048
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Apr
Pages: 8
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Age Differences in the Goals of Toddler Play.
Roggman, Lori A.
This study investigated the issue of whether a shift occurs in infant play goals at around the beginning of the second year in terms of the organization of object-directed and caregiver-directed attention and preference for toys that require the caregiver's involvement. A total of 108 infants of 10, 15, and 29 months were observed playing with "nonsocial" and "social" versions of toy trains. Children could play with the nonsocial train alone, but the social train required the involvement of an adult. The 15-month-olds were expected to play more than the other subjects with the social toy and to attend more to the mother when playing with the toy. Records were made of subjects' looking time for the two toys and the mother. Toy preference was measured by comparing the time spent looking at each train. Gazes to mother preceded and followed by gazes to a particular version of the toy were considered associated with that toy. Results, which offered moderate support of the hypothesized age change in toy preference, showed that 15-month- olds, but not younger and older infants, looked longer at the social toy than at the nonsocial toy. Furthermore, 15-month-olds organized more attention to mothers in relation to the social toy than to the nonsocial toy; more attention in relation to the social toy than 10-month-olds; and less in relation to the nonsocial toy than 29-month-olds. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A