ERIC Number: ED312043
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
The Effects of Parents' Employment Status and Financial Security on the Cognitive Home Environment and on Expectations for Their Children's Futures.
A study undertaken in 1983-85 examined the effects of job loss and financial stress on the cognitive stimulation provided for children in the home and parents' confidence regarding their children's future. Effects of parents' educational level were also considered. It was hypothesized that when parents were unemployed, or had a grim view of the family's financial situation, the likelihood of a stimulating learning environment in the home and parent confidence in a promising future for a child would decrease. It was expected that attainment of high levels of education would be associated with enhanced learning environments and confidence in the future. Participants were 45 families with preschool or kindergarten children, a 30% response rate. In 14 families, the father was unemployed; in 31 the father was working. Parents were interviewed and completed questionnaires. Measures included the Cognitive Home Environment Scale and a parent questionnaire focusing on parents' confidence, parents' views of the family's financial situation, and family demographic characteristics. Findings revealed that subjective appraisals of families' financial condition had a strong relationship to parents' confidence in a promising future for their children and to the kind of learning environment provided in the home. Father's employment status did not influence outcome measures. Expectations concerning educational level were supported. References are provided. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. Div. of Research Development and Administration.; Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. School of Social Work.
Authoring Institution: N/A