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ERIC Number: ED312039
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Apr
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Sources of Variation in Beliefs about Parenthood.
MacPhee, David; Geddes, Louise
This study examined adults' beliefs about parenthood in terms of Veevers' (1973) notion of "cultural myths" about adulthood and tried to account for the origins and importance of the myths. Subjects were 93 undergraduates in a junior-level course on parenting who completed the Survey of Beliefs about Parenthood at the beginning and end of the course, and measures of child care experience on the first day of class. A snowball sampling approach produced data from 204 parents whose ages ranged from 19 to 84 years. The group included 53 fathers. Four clear dimensions of beliefs emerged from a principal components factor analysis with varimax rotation: (1) generativity; (2) role strain; (3) parental self-restraint; and (4) a unidirectional parent effects model suggesting that parents are responsible for "how their children turn out." On approximately half of the items derived from LeMasters' (1974) and Veevers' (1973) work, parents' experiences disagreed with expert opinion. On most of these items, responses suggested large individual differences in adults' experiences as parents and acceptance of cultural messages about the role of parents. Parents and pretested students held similar beliefs about parenthood, with the exception that parents perceived significantly less role strain than did students. Generational differences in beliefs are discussed. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A