ERIC Number: ED312026
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989
Reference Count: 0
Bridges to Opportunity: Are Community Colleges Meeting the Transfer Needs of Minority Students?
Pincus, Fred L.; Archer, Elayne
Drawing from research conducted by the Academy for Educational Development and the College Board, this booklet presents nine recommendations to enhance the transfer function of community colleges, especially for minority students; provides a rationale for the recommendations; and describes two major programs to promote the transfer function. Chapter 1 sets forth the following recommendations: (1) the transfer function should be the central role of community colleges; (2) the culture of the urban community college should emphasize intellectual rigor and critical thinking; (3) urban community colleges must promote a vibrant on-campus community, especially for minority students; (4) dual admissions programs should be established; (5) databases using common definitions of "transfer" and "transfer student" should be established; (6) community colleges should aggressively promote their upgraded transfer programs among high school students and staff; (7) each state should offer financial incentives to reward community colleges with successful transfer programs; (8) a federally funded scholarship for low-income students who transfer should be created; and (9) not-for-profit foundations should establish programs to enhance transfer rates. Chapter 2 provides an overview of the changing transfer function in community colleges, offering data on the percentages of students who wish to transfer, who actually do transfer, and who receive bachelor's degrees. In addition, student-centered, institutional, social, and political factors that have had a negative effect on transfer rates are examined. Chapter 3 describes and reviews the achievements of the Upper Division Scholarship Program, which was initiated by the Ford Foundation to facilitate the transfer of academically well qualified, but economically disadvantaged, minority students; and finally, chapter 4 provides an overview of the Urban Community Colleges Transfer Opportunities Program, a two-phase program to help selected community colleges improve minority transfer rates. In each of these chapters, conclusions drawn from the successes of the projects are presented. Includes 36 references. (AYC)
Descriptors: Affirmative Action, College Transfer Students, Community Colleges, Educational Assessment, Enrollment Influences, Higher Education, Minority Groups, Program Descriptions, School Effectiveness, Student College Relationship, Student Needs, Two Year College Students, Two Year Colleges
Academy for Educational Development, 1255 23rd St., NW; Washington, DC 20037 ($2.00 postage and handling).
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Policymakers
Authoring Institution: Academy for Educational Development, Washington, DC.; College Entrance Examination Board, New York, NY.