ERIC Number: ED311984
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Uses and Abuses of Adjunct Faculty in Higher Education.
Twigg, Helen Parramore
The extensive use of adjunct and temporary faculty to teach basic general education courses at community colleges can be professionally harmful to both tenured and adjunct faculty. Part-time faculty are guaranteed no health insurance, raises, promotions, nor voice in the decisions that affect them. Their plight affects all faculty in many ways, including the following: (1) regular faculty have ethical obligations to help train adjuncts and to familiarize them with the curriculum, materials, and procedures of the department, thereby adding extra work to an already heavy workload with no additional pay; (2) permanent faculty are usually held responsible for the quality of education in their departments, but they have no voice in the number of classes taught by adjuncts or in their selection; (3) when adjuncts fail in their responsibilities, whether by quitting mid-semester or by doing a poor job, this failure must be absorbed by regular faculty, who must take over their course or help students "catch up" in subsequent classes; (4) there is gross injustice and outrageous hypocrisy in the pretense of professional equality when adjuncts are paid one-third of the salary of full-time professors; and (5) the widespread use of adjunct and temporary faculty severely curtails opportunities for tenured faculty, as positions vacated by natural attrition are often filled by less costly adjuncts. Thus, the present use of adjunct and temporary faculty serves only to exploit a very rare and valuable natural resource--the highly educated person who wants to teach. (JMC)
Descriptors: Adjunct Faculty, Administrative Policy, College Faculty, Community Colleges, Faculty College Relationship, Faculty Workload, Financial Needs, Full Time Faculty, Noninstructional Responsibility, Part Time Faculty, Personnel Management, Personnel Policy, Teacher Morale, Teacher Responsibility, Teacher Role, Teacher Salaries, Tenured Faculty, Two Year Colleges
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at a National Conference of the Community College Humanities Association (Washington, DC, November 9-11, 1989).