ERIC Number: ED311964
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Interdistrict Student Flow: Los Angeles and Neighboring Community College Districts.
Prather, George; And Others
Between 1978 and 1988, as district residence requirements were liberalized for California community college attendance, enrollments in the Los Angeles Community College District (LACCD) declined sharply. A study was conducted to track the interdistrict flow of students between 1981 and 1987 within the context of total enrollment changes since 1975. Study findings included the following: (1) the outflow of students from the LACCD increased from fall 1981 through fall 1987, but at a rate of only 2% between 1985 and 1987, compared to a 50% increase between 1981 and 1985; (2) 21,607 district residents attended non-LACCD colleges in 1981, 25,189 in 1983, 32,477 in 1985, and 33,221 in 1987; (3) the inflow of students to the LACCD remained fairly stable between 1981 and 1987, with 5,930 non-district residents enrolled in 1981, 6,063 in 1983, 5,080 in 1985, and 5,808 in 1987; (4) LACCD residents who attended community colleges outside of the district tended to be somewhat younger, and were more likely to be full-time, transfer-oriented students; (5) between 1981 and 1987, the ethnic distribution of outflow students moved much closer to that of the LACCD enrollees as a whole; (6) 26% of all LACCD residents attending any community college were enrolled outside of the district; (7) by the time of the study, several neighboring districts had become dependent on LACCD residents for the maintenance of their own enrollments, with neighboring colleges drawing from 58% to 20% of their students from the LACCD; and (8) the theoretical revenue losses to the LACCD resulting from large outflow imbalances were estimated at $45 million in 1987-88. Eight figures and eight data tables supplement the text. (VVC)
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Educational Finance, Enrollment Influences, Enrollment Rate, Enrollment Trends, Feeder Patterns, Interdistrict Policies, Place of Residence, Residence Requirements, School District Size, Student Characteristics, Student Mobility, Two Year College Students, Two Year Colleges
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Los Angeles Community Coll. District, CA. Office of Research, Planning and Development.