ERIC Number: ED311777
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Behind Outcomes: Contexts and Questions for Assessment.
Assessment thus far has been shaped primarily by questions about student learning outcomes; however, assessment "behind outcomes" means looking more carefully at the processes and conditions that lead to improved student learning. Nine areas of inquiry for assessment "behind outcomes" are suggested, with appropriate methods for addressing them and resources for further work: (1) What do we know about students who enter our institution? (2) How are course-taking patterns related to outcomes? (3) How do students experience the institution? (4) What is the student's contribution to learning? (5) What do students learn over time in a program of study? (6) How do out-of-class experiences contribute to learning? (7) What are students able to do with what they know? (8) What patterns characterize students' movement through the institution? (9) What judgments can students make about their learning? Six principles of assessment are drawn from these areas and discussed; these principles concern looking beyond outcomes to: college goals and programs; student attitudes and values; the department or program as a context for assessment; communicating and using complex, qualitative information; being governed by what is good for students; and a broader involvement of people across the institution in assessment. (KM)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the American Association of Higher Education Assessment Forum (Atlanta, GA, June 1989).