ERIC Number: ED311751
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989
Reference Count: N/A
Changes in Social Commitment of University Freshmen over a Decade by Race and Gender. Research Report #5-89.
Regan, Anne M.; Sedlacek, William E.
A study comparing the commitment to social change of college students in 1978 and 1988 is presented, focusing on those issues that directly affect black students. The responses of 541 incoming freshmen attending the 1988 orientation program at the University of Maryland, College Park, were compared to those of 1,091 freshmen who attended the orientation program in 1978. Results indicate the attitudes toward recruitment of black students and the university's influence to improve social conditions were more favorable in 1988, and black students in both samples were more positive about these actions than were white students. Student commitment toward social change, particulary with regard to increasing the number of black students on campus, is growing. Data also suggest that the level of commitment may still be at an early level of development. This may reflect general attitudes in the United States, and that tolerance for diversity is a developmental issue with which most incoming college students are just beginning to struggle. Since it is likely that the attitudes of students on campus influence the outcome of initiatives to increase cultural diversity on campus, the success of such initiatives may depend on the institution's ability to facilitate active valuing of cultural diversity. Tables are included. The paper contains 18 references. (SM)
Descriptors: Black Students, College Freshmen, College Students, Higher Education, Institutional Survival, Longitudinal Studies, Minority Groups, Racial Factors, School Holding Power, Sex Fairness, Social Change, Student Attitudes, Student Recruitment
Counseling Center, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Maryland Univ., College Park. Counseling Center.