ERIC Number: ED311649
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Oct-30
Reference Count: N/A
Achievement Motivation, Coping Processes, and Sports Participation of Athletes with Physical Handicaps: A Student-Initiated Project. Final Report, July 1, 1985 to September 15, 1986.
Overton, Sara R.; And Others
The study examined how the coping behaviors and achievement motivation of 181 athletes (aged 18-66) with cerebral palsy or other physical disabilities influence participation in the normalized activity of competitive sport. The project examined the following cognitive aspects of performance: (1) reasons for becoming involved in sports; (2) how the athletes define personal success or failure in sports; (3) how athletes explain winning and losing performances; (4) how athletes cope with disability; (5) how athletes cope with the stresses of competition; and (6) factors which influence an athlete's decision to persist in sport competition. Questionnaires were administered before and after the National Cerebral Palsy/Les Autre Games of 1985. Results indicated that the athletes were characterized as moderately high on coping with disability status and their achievement orientations were similar to those of a sample of non-disabled athletes. Both winners and losers used internal and external attributions to explain performance. Significant differences were noted between severely disabled and less severely disabled athletes in the use of attributions. The coping strategies of problem solving and positive reappraisal were used most often by the athletes. Much of the document consists of appendixes which include the study questionnaires and presentations given at professional meetings. (DB)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Special Education Programs (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Michigan State Univ., East Lansing.