ERIC Number: ED311646
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Advance Organizers as an Instructional Strategy for Bilingual Learning Disabled Students.
Lasky, Beth Anne
This study investigated the effects of advance organizers on the English reading comprehension of six bilingual fifth and sixth grade learning disabled students whose primary language was Spanish. An alternating treatment design was implemented. Following each treatment, the students read an expository text written in English and answered eight comprehension questions based on five levels of a reading taxonomy. Analyses of the data suggest that advance organizers were effective particularly when presented in the dominant language of the student. The five students who demonstrated equal or greater language proficiency in English scored higher when the English advance organizer was compared to the Spanish advance organizer. The student who demonstrated greater language proficiency in Spanish scored higher on the Spanish advance organizer. All students scored higher when the English advance organizer was used in comparison to no advance organizer. Students performed highest on questions at the appreciation and evaluation levels of the reading taxonomy. The study supports the use of advance organizers as an effective instructional strategy and further highlights the importance of considering the student's dominant language in selecting the language for presentation of the advance organizer. (Author/DB)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Researchers
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Arizona.