ERIC Number: ED311536
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1986
Reference Count: N/A
A Review and Analysis of Performance Appraisal Processes, Volume II. Performance Appraisal for Professional Service Employees: A Field Service Study Report. Professionalism in Schools Series.
Ondrack, D. A.; Oliver, C.
The second of three volumes, this report consisted of a series of field-site investigations of performance appraisal systems in action to compare actual practices with results reported in the literature review published in volume 1. The field-site studies conducted at 10 professional service organizations in Ontario and 7 public school systems in the United States mirror many of the results from the literature review with three important additions: (1) many appraisal systems are in constant evolution so what is reported in the literature may be at variance with actual practices; (2) appraisal approaches depend upon the local environmental situation of the organization; and (3) the bureaucratic cumbersomeness of many appraisal systems causes short cuts to be used. In practice, this means that most teachers/professionals receive at least "satisfactory" ratings and the elaborate quasi-judicial safeguards built into many systems are used only rarely. Two principles seem to operate in the most satisfactory sites. First, a decentralized appraisal system is developed in operational detail by the local organization to reflect local concerns and priorities. Second, the system is developed jointly by supervisors and subordinates so that all involved parties accept the relevance and legitimacy of the appraisal system. (JAM)
Descriptors: Decentralization, Elementary Secondary Education, Evaluation Criteria, Evaluation Methods, Evaluation Utilization, Foreign Countries, Formative Evaluation, Personnel Evaluation, School Personnel, Summative Evaluation
Publications Sales, The Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, 252 Bloor Street West, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S 1V6.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Ontario Dept. of Education, Toronto.
Identifiers - Location: Canada