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ERIC Number: ED311505
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Jun-27
Pages: 29
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
News Photographs in Stories Related to Vietnam: A Content Analysis of Photographs Relating to the Vietnam War Appearing in "Life Magazine" from January 1, 1966 through February 28, 1970.
Williams, M. Michael
A study focused on the results of the gatekeeping process which determined the nature and quantity of images of the Vietnam War that the American public saw in "Life Magazine" before and after the Tet offensive of January 1968. The study examined the content of these photographs and looked for significant changes. In addition, the study examined the technological changes in photography which made color images practical for the first time in combat photography and the potential difference in impact of color versus black and white photographs. Content analysis looked at the nature of the photographic images in order to quantify them objectively and systematically on a number of variables. All issues of "Life" from January 7, 1966 to February 28, 1970 (200 issues in all) were examined. The almost total lack of any difference in the depiction of violence in pre-Tet and post-Tet photographs is striking. It was also discovered that "Life" ran the photographs slightly further back in the magazine after the Tet offensive. In looking at the nature of differences of photographs published, what is seen is the end result of a gatekeeping process. The interplay between the events in Vietnam, the reporting of those events by the media, the impact these reports had on the public and public opinion, the impact that public opinion had on public policy and the effects of shifts in public policy on the conduct of the Vietnam War needs to be studied further. (Twenty-six references are attached.) (MG)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research; Historical Materials
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Vietnam