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ERIC Number: ED311439
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Aug-13
Pages: 35
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Titus Brandsma 1881-1942: An Enduring Symbol for Freedom of the Press.
Overduin, Henry
Titus Brandsma, a Dutch Carmelite priest, philosopher, educator, and active journalist, was killed by the Nazis in Dachau on July 26, 1942. Beatified by the Catholic Church in 1985, he was hailed as a potential second patron saint for journalists and unofficially adopted as such by some organized groups. The incident that precipitated his arrest and death was his organized opposition to a Nazi order explicitly forbidding appeal to principles as a reason to reject their advertising. His story is especially relevant for the North American context of today, where the social responsibility theory of the press postulates a secular press serving a pluralistic society. Within that context the "right of access" to the editorial and advertising columns is a controversial issue. The story of Brandsma's life and his final refusal to accept reasoning that explicitly forbade appeal to principles demonstrate the seriousness of principled journalism and publishing. The principle that the Nazis rejected and Brandsma was ready to die for was the principle of a free press--not just a Catholic press, but any press based on principles that go beyond commercial considerations. Thus he emerges as an enduring symbol of freedom of the press, one whose life and death transcend his own time and situation. (Seventy-four notes are included.) (MS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Historical Materials
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Netherlands