ERIC Number: ED311409
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Cooperation vs. Competition: Techniques for Keeping Your Classroom Alive but Not Endangered.
Manarino-Leggett, Priscilla; Salomon, Phyllis A.
This paper discusses cooperative learning, a technique in which students work in small heterogeneous learning groups. Following a definition of cooperative learning, the paper describes the most widely used cooperative learning methods, including Student Teams-Achievement Divisions (STAD), Teams-Games-Tournament (TGT), Jigsaw, Learning Together, and Group Investigation. The next section presents a brief review of related research. The final section offers methods and strategies applicable to the reading classroom, including: Cooperative Integrated Reading and Composition (CIRC), dyads, groups of four, think-pair-share, group retellings, turn to your neighbor, reading groups, jigsaw, focus trios, drill partners, reading buddies, worksheet checkmates, homework checkers, test reviewers, composition pairs, board workers, problem solvers, computer groups, book report pairs, writing response groups, skill teachers/concept clarifiers, group reports, summary pairs, elaborating and relating pairs, and playwrights. (SR)
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Reading Association (34th, New Orleans, LA, April 30-May 4, 1989).