ERIC Number: ED311387
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Sep-11
Empirical Relationships between Cognitive Ability and Computer Familiarity.
Arthur, Winfred, Jr.; Hart, Darren
The recent explosions of computer use and accessibility in both academic and work settings have made computer literacy almost mandatory, yet there are many individuals who are unfamiliar with computers. Previous research has partially attributed computer attitudes to past mathematics experience and gender of the user. This study empirically investigated the relationship between computer familiarity and cognitive ability in an attempt to identify cognitive ability as a variable which may account for differences in computer familiarity and usage. Subjects (N=62), ranging in age from 19 to 40 years of age, completed two cognitive ability tests and reported their familiarity with computers. Results indicated that high scorers on the cognitive ability tests were significantly more familiar with computers. Contrary to previous research, there were no gender differences in computer familiarity (and cognitive ability). The findings have implications for educational and organizational practices regarding teaching lower cognitive ability persons to use computers. Such programs should include confidence builders, reinforcers, and praise. The programs should move away from independent self-guided to continued instructor guidance programs. (Author/ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southwestern Psychological Association (35th, Houston, TX, April 13-15, 1989).