ERIC Number: ED311373
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988
Reference Count: N/A
What Behavioral Scientists Know--and What They Can Do--about Alcoholism. Pamphlet Series.
Nathan, Peter E.
Alcoholics Anonymous was founded in 1935 and observed its 50th anniversary in 1985. This document discusses the changes that have taken place in knowledge about alcoholism. Specifically, this booklet compares what behavioral scientists knew about alcohol abuse and alcoholism in 1935 and what they knew and could do about them in 1985. Contributions were chosen that meet these criteria: they are of clinical as well as scientific significance; they were the object of serious scientific study; and behavioral scientists have been extensively involved in these fields of enquiry. The four areas of focus include: behavioral pathology, etiology, treatment, and prevention. In the area of behavioral pathology, the theories of behavioral tolerance, craving and loss of control, alcoholism and moral insanity, alcoholism and depression, and alcoholism as a disorder of man are discussed. Theories of etiology in 1935 and 1985 are compared. Treatment regimes and prevention approaches in 1935 and 1985 are also compared. The report concludes that significant progress has been made in the past 50 years on identifying and understanding important effects of alcohol on human behavior, but progress in research on factors other than genetic predisposition has been limited by the expense, complexity, and difficulty of longitudinal research. (ABL)
Descriptors: Alcoholism, Behavior Patterns, Behavioral Science Research, Drinking, Etiology, Intervention, Prevention, Research Problems, Trend Analysis
Rutgers Center of Alcohol Studies, P.O. Box 969, Piscataway, NJ 08855-0969 ($2.50 + postage; quantity discount--inquire).
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Rutgers, The State Univ., Piscataway, NJ. Center of Alcohol Studies.
Note: For related documents, see CG 021 983-990.