ERIC Number: ED311369
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989
Reference Count: N/A
Alcohol and Women. Pamphlet Series.
Gomberg, Edith S. Lisansky
Reasonable and moderate drinking is considered acceptable by the major portion of the population. Although women consume less alcohol than men, alcohol has a greater intoxicating effect for women than for men because of the differences in body water content and proportion of fatty tissue. The prevalence rate of drinking is virtually identical for college men and women. The relationship between women's drinking and their working status is ambiguous. It has been found that women are more likely to drink in private settings while men are more likely to drink in public settings. Women's drinking is strongly linked to the amount and patterns of drinking of people in their social environments. There is a greater stigma attached to female intoxication than to male intoxication. There is no real evidence of a significant increase in rates of female alcoholism. There are more facilities for women alcoholics than there were formerly and facilities for women are probably more used than they were in earlier decades. Antecedent factors for women's alcoholism include alcoholic relatives, family of origin problems, childhood depression, and drinking at a young age. Women alcoholics differ from men in the age of onset of drinking, drinking alone, polydrug use, and suicidal ideation. Medical consequences of heavy drinking are accelerated for women. Social consequences take the form of troubled relationships. Women alcoholics have low self-esteem. Primary prevention is directed toward the abolition or nonexistence of problem drinking. Secondary prevention is involved in the early detection efforts of employee assistance programs. (ABL)
Descriptors: Alcoholism, Drinking, Females, Intervention, Prevention, Sex Differences, Trend Analysis
Rutgers Center of Alcohol Studies, P.O. Box 969, Piscataway, NJ 08855-0969 ($2.50 + postage; quantity discount--inquire).
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Rutgers, The State Univ., Piscataway, NJ. Center of Alcohol Studies.
Note: For related documents, see CG 021 983-990.