ERIC Number: ED311354
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
The Effects of Hardiness, Job-Related Stress, and Life Stress on Health and Absence from Work.
Tang, Thomas Li-Ping; Hammontree, Monty L.
The emphasis in stress-illness research has begun to shift recently toward the study of resistance resources. Social support has been identified as a potentially important moderator of the stress-illness relationship. In this study, hardiness in a sample of police officers was examined. Subjects (N=60) were police officers from seven suburban police departments who completed a questionnaire which measured life stress, police stress, strain, illness, absence from work, and hardiness. Six months later all variables except hardiness were measured again. The results of hierarchical regression analyses indicated that hardy police officers had less concurrent strain, future strain, concurrent illness, and future illness. Police officers who had high police stress tended to have a high level of future illness and future absence from work. Further, the interaction between hardiness and police stress on future absence from work was significant. Thus, hardy police officers with a high level of police stress tended to have a higher level of absence from work than hardy officers with a low level of police stress, while nonhardy police officers experienced a high level of absence from work regardless of their job related stress. Future research should examine police officers' long-term health and their subjective and objective reactions to stress. (57 references) (Author/ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A