ERIC Number: ED311325
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
DARE Program Follow-Up Evaluation, 1988.
Hawaii State Dept. of Education, Honolulu.
The Drug Resistance Education (DARE) program is designed to prevent drug abuse in Hawaii's children and youth. The program is currently conducted in fifth grade classrooms by uniformed Honolulu Police Department officers. As a primary prevention program, the DARE program is directed at reducing drug abuse incidence rates by targeting total-school student populations at the elementary school level. A follow-up study of public school students who participated in the DARE program as fifth graders in the 1985-86 school year was conducted. Students (N=1,448) enrolled in grade seven at six selected intermediate schools served as participants. An adapted version of the Hawaii Student Alcohol and Drug Use Survey served as the outcome measure. The findings of the study were not conclusive regarding the DARE program's long-term preventive impact on substance abuse. No statistically significant differences were found between DARE and non-DARE students on an alcohol scale, drug scale, and risk scale. Limitations of the study, however, make any definitive interpretation of the lack of positive evidence difficult. Reliable and fairly large variations among students' alcohol use, drug use, and risk of drug and alcohol involvement were found to be associated with school/community socio-economic status. (The appendix includes the composite scales and the survey instrument.) (ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Tests/Questionnaires; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Hawaii State Dept. of Education, Honolulu.