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ERIC Number: ED311322
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-May
Pages: 12
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Similarities between Restrained Eaters and Bulimics.
Ruderman, Audrey J.
Little is known about the etiology of bulimia. However Polivy and Herman have hypothesized that dieting causes bulimia and that differences between dieters and bulimics are quantitative rather than qualitative. The purpose of this study was to examine these hypotheses and further examine the parallels between bulimics and dieters. Female college student subjects (N=74), including bulimics (N=19), dieters (N=22), and a control group (N=33), were compared on measures on which bulimics have shown disturbances. These include anxiety, depression, body image, and obsessive-compulsive characteristics. The results indicated that the psychological characteristics of dieters were similar to those of normals rather than to those of bulimics. Bulimics appeared to be significantly more disturbed than dieters and controls on a broad range of measures. In contrast, dieters differed from controls only on a measure concerning their willingness to report socially undesirable information. These findings suggest that dieting, in and of itself, is not sufficient to cause the psychopathology associated with bulimia. The view that dieters and bulimics differ quantitatively, but not qualitatively is not supported by these findings. (ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A