ERIC Number: ED311236
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
Changes in Work Patterns: A Synthesis of Five National Reports on the Service Sector. France, Germany, Japan, Sweden, the United States.
Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France). Centre for Educational Research and Innovation.
An analysis of the service sector in five countries (France, Germany, Japan, Sweden, and the United States) was made through synthesis of earlier research on work patterns in the countries. Some of the findings and issues discovered concerned the following: (1) the heterogeneity of the service sector; (2) the progress of part-time work; (3) contracting out by industries; (4) blurring of traditional borders between sectors and also within the service sector itself; (5) regional distribution of services and its impact on employment; (6) the relationship of smaller forms to economic growth; (7) the need for balance in education between adaptable skills and professional work experience; (8) increased internationalization and rationalization, which give priority to product development, marketing, and sales; (9) a general trend toward raising skill levels; (10) "polyvalence"--a broad range of skills needed for midlevel workers; (11) a changing relationship between internal and external markets; (12) increased role of education for success; and (13) substantial growth of female employment. (KC)
Descriptors: Developed Nations, Education Work Relationship, Educational Needs, Employment Patterns, Employment Projections, Employment Qualifications, Foreign Countries, Futures (of Society), Labor Economics, Labor Market, Labor Needs, Postsecondary Education, Sales Occupations, Secondary Education, Service Occupations, Service Workers
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France). Centre for Educational Research and Innovation.
Identifiers - Location: France; Germany; Japan; Sweden; United States