ERIC Number: ED311217
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-May
Reference Count: N/A
Designing Programs for Adults--Let's Not Overlook Andragogy.
Jackson, Cynthia L.; DuVall, Lloyd A.
Methods that are based on teaching children are not appropriate for teaching adults. As early as 1929, the education literature contained references to successful teachers of adults as those who deviated from "sound" pedagogical practices. The work of Malcolm Knowles solidified the field of adult education and established the term "andragogy" to refer to the most appropriate methods for teaching adults. The need for an andragogy-based approach to education is most critical in advanced levels of education for practicing professionals. However, most graduate-level programs do not meet practicing educators' needs because they are based on "preparation" rather than "practice." The National Ed.D. Program for Educational Leaders was established at Nova University in 1972 in an attempt to meet the needs of administrators who had already earned their Master's degrees and who held appropriate credentials for their positions. Classes were held at locations convenient to students' homes, and research requirements focused on solving problems faced by administrators in their own professional settings. After 18 years, the program thrives. Its graduates hold positions of prominence throughout the country. The program has survived and grown, despite criticism from colleagues in tradition-bound programs, because it recognizes in a fundamental, systematic way, that adults can learn best when andragogy, not pedagogy, drives the structure of the learning process. (KC)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A