ERIC Number: ED311122
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1988-Jul
Urban Poverty and the Welfare State: Comparative Reflections on Scandinavia and the U.S. Working Paper No. 481.
Scandinavian welfare states are developing a growing new middle class and a growing marginalized, poverty-threatened underclass, reproducing the societal duality caused by labor market structuring. Tightening labor markets, increased dependency on welfare benefits, and substantial decreases in public transfers have combined to create a growing population, the majority living in urban areas, en route to poverty or living on the fringes of a normal life. This paper outlines a project on urban poverty and social movements in the United States reflected from a European perspective. Research indicates that labor market segmentation, characterized by first and second reality states, creates a dual society. Examples of Scandinavian welfare state dualization include the following instances: (1) social welfare in Sweden; (2) fiscal welfare in Denmark; and (3) occupational welfare in Norway. A model juxtaposing system-world logic, as seen in the labor movement, and life-world logic, as seen in social movements, differentiates between the resources of marginalized persons. Examination of urban poverty in Copenhagen and America suggests the potential power of social movements such as claimants' unions in working toward the redistribution of resources and services. The paper includes 6 figures, 11 tables, and an appendix analyzing demographic trends in Copenhagen as compared to Denmark as a whole. A 53-item list of references is appended. (AF)
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Economically Disadvantaged, Foreign Countries, Labor Market, Lower Class, Middle Class, Poverty, Social Stratification, Unemployment, Urban Problems, Welfare Services, Working Class
Institute of Urban and Regional Development, 316 Wurster Hall, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720 ($4.00).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Berkeley. Inst. of Urban and Regional Development.